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2 edition of Comparison of the FPG and OGTT tests for screening of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals found in the catalog.

Comparison of the FPG and OGTT tests for screening of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals

Donna Tran

Comparison of the FPG and OGTT tests for screening of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals

by Donna Tran

  • 53 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published in 2002 .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Res. report--University of Toronto, 2002

The Physical Object
Pagination31 leaves
Number of Pages31
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19013775M

This investigation was designed to determine the degree of concordance resulting from tests of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (A1c) compared to the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) for detecting prediabetes and diabetes in undiagnosed adults. Another objective was to measure concordance within subsamples of women and men, and within three age groups. As Indigenous children already possess 1 risk factor (high-risk ethnic group), screening for type 2 diabetes should be considered every 2 years, using a combination of an A1C and a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) if they possess ≥2 additional risk factors in non-pubertal children beginning at 8 years of age or ≥1 additional risk factor in.

  • Step 2 - Glycaemic measure in high-risk individuals. SD3 Diabetes can be diagnosed on any of the following World Health Organization (WHO) criteria: • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥ mmol/l ( mg/dl) or, • 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with FPG ≥ mmol/l ( mg/dl) and/or 2 hour plasma glucose ≥ mmol/l ( Knowing your blood sugar levels helps you manage your diabetes and reduces your risk of having serious complications – now and in the future. What are blood sugar levels? Your blood sugar levels, also known as blood glucose levels, are a measurement that show how much glucose you have in your blood. Glucose is a sugar that you get from food and drink.

Screening should be performed with either the FPG test or 2-hour OGTT, although the former is the preferred test. If possible, the FPG test should be given in the morning because afternoon values tend to be lower. Given the age-related incidence of diabetes and the rate of progression to diabetes in normoglycemic middle-aged subjects. Collectively, cardiovascular disease (including stroke), cancer, and diabetes account for approximately two-thirds of all deaths in the U.S. and about $ billion in direct and indirect economic costs each year. Current approaches to health promotion and prevention of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes do not approach the potential of the existing state of knowledge.


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Comparison of the FPG and OGTT tests for screening of type 2 diabetes in high-risk individuals by Donna Tran Download PDF EPUB FB2

Overall, individuals had screen-detected diabetes by the end of the screening phase of the ADDITION study,and individuals (malefemale ) were recruited to the second phase (the intervention study) of the study: in Denmark, in Cambridge, in Netherlands and in Leicester. The patients were Author: NR Waugh, D Shyangdan, S Taylor-Phillips, G Suri, B Hall.

Introduction. HbA 1c is now formally endorsed in many countries as a diagnostic test for (type 2) diabetes as well as for monitoring, although some debate still continues regarding its applicability for diagnosis. 1 – 5 Pivotal to this discussion is the evidence base upon which these recommendations have been made.

In considering the diagnosis of diabetes, we are primarily concerned with Cited by:   According to WHO, GDM is now diagnosed as glucose intolerance in pregnancy with fasting glucose values between and mmol/L and/or oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) 2-hour glucose concentrations between and mmol/L, whereas women with blood glucose values diagnostic of type 2 diabetes first discovered in pregnancy are classified Cited by: 4.

Screening for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and individuals at risk of diabetes has been advocated, yet information on the response rate and diagnostic yield of different screening strategies are lacking. To identify a screening model that predicts high risk of future type 2 diabetes and is useful in clinical practice.

Incident case-referent study nested within a population-based health survey. Oral glucose tolerance test data were used to define diabetes (fasting plasma glucose ≥ mmol/L or 2-h post-load glucose ≥ mmol/L) and dysglycemia (fasting plasma glucose ≥ mmol/L. it is very possible to prevent prediabetes from developing into type 2 most obvious is taking a look at your food choices.

By eating whole (minimally or unprocessed) foods (ie, whole wheat vs blanched white flour-based products, white rice, potato chips—which are a far cry from a baked potato), addressing overweight and staying at a healthy weight, and committing to some.

Diabetes can be classified into the following general categories: 1. Type 1 diabetes (due to β-cell destruction, usually leading to absolute insulin deficiency) 2. Type 2 diabetes (due to a progressive insulin secretory defect on the background of insulin resistance) 3.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (diabetes diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy that is not clearly.

Approximately 60% of people with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations of – mg/dl and 70% of those with 2-h values on the OGTT of – mg/dl have normal HbA1c levels, with another third having values between 6 and 7%. This article offers an alternative approach to diagnosis using both FPG and HbA1c values.

teria, either the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or the 2-h plasma glucose (2-h PG) value during a g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), or A1C crite - ria (Table 3). There is incomplete concordance.

between A1C, FPG, and 2-h PG, and the 2-h PG value diagnoses more people with prediabetes and diabe-tes than the FPG or A1C cut points. bloodquicklyfoods List of symptoms of type 1 diabetes, including the biological reasons for their appearance.

before breakfast to get a “fasting” blood glucose value or two hours after a meal. Table outlining typical type 1 diabetes test results vs normal results. type 2 diabetes and limb loss.

Fasting plasma glucose, the 2 hour plasma glucose after a g oral glucose tolerance test, and A1C are equally appropriate diagnostic tests for diabetes.

These diagnostic criteria are: Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥ mg/dL. 2-hour plasma glucose ≥ mg/dL during an OGTT. Background: People with prediabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Few studies have evaluated the influence of lifestyle factors on the risk of progression to diabetes and reversion to normoglycemia. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of T2D in a large cohort of workers with prediabetes, and to evaluate the influence of sociodemographic, clinical.

Type 2 diabetes was previously called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), or adult onset diabetes mellitus (AODM). People who have type 2 diabetes can still produce insulin, but do so relatively inadequately for their body's needs.

Type 2 diabetes typically occurs in individuals over 30 years of age, and its incidence increases with advancing age.

In one category, type 1 diabetes, the cause is an absolute deficiency of insulin secretion (American Diabetes Association, ). Individuals at increased risk of developing this type of diabetes can often be identified by serological evidence of an autoimmune pathologic process occurring in the pancreatic islets and by genetic markers.

Screening Tests. ADA recommends using FPG test for diabetes screening; the WHO recommends use of 2-h OGTT for screening. The recommended cutoff values of FPG and 2-h OGTT to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes are shown in Table 1.

The prevalence of IGT is 2–4 times higher than IFG, and these two glucose abnormalities overlap by only 20–25%. A blood glucose of less than mmol/L after a two-hour oral glucose tolerance test. NICE states that someone with a fasting blood glucose of mmol/L is at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

If you have impaired fasting glycaemia, you are also thought to have an increased risk of developing diabetes. fasting plasma glucose alone fails to diagnose approximately 30% of cases of previously undiagnosed diabetes, fan OGTT is the only means of identifying people with IGT, fan OGTT is frequently needed to confirm or exclude an abnormality of glucose tolerance in asymptomatic people.

An OGTT should be used in individuals with fasting plasma glucose. A fasting plasma glucose of ≥ mmol/L, a 2-hour plasma glucose value in a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test of ≥ mmol/L or a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) of ≥% can predict the development of retinopathy.

This permits the diagnosis of diabetes to be made on the basis of each of these parameters. 🔥+ diabetes indianapolis foundation 16 Jul Diabetes conversations may not always include a discussion of the effort and/or intent People with type 1 diabetes have reported beliefs about those with type 2 diabetes “When the words or some disease statement precede the subject of the What are effective ways to teach health care professionals about language?.

AACE's Diabetes Resource Center provides its members access to clinical practice guidelines, treatment algorithms, and other resources related to the broad spectrum of diabetes care including type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.The American Diabetes Association’s (ADA’s) Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes is updated and published annually in a supplement to the January issue of Diabetes Care.

The Standards are developed by the ADA’s multidisciplinary Professional Practice Committee, which comprises physicians, diabetes educators, and other expert diabetes health care professionals.This review is concerned with Type 2 diabetes.

It is estimated that 30% of individuals with diabetes are undiagnosed and of these, 25% already have microvascular complications at diagnosis, suggesting the disease had pre-existed for more than 5 years.

One commonly used criterion for the presence of diabetes is elevated fasting glucose.